Vegetable Cowpea(Vigna unguiculata(L)Walp.); Fabaceae

CO 2, VBN 2, Pusa Komal , PKM 1 and Arka Garima

Well drained soil with high organic matter is required. It is a warm season crop, it can not tolerate very low temperature.

June – July (Rainfed), February – March (irrigated).

20 kg/ha. Treat the seeds with 600 g of Rhizobium bacterial culture before sowing as in cluster beans. Dibble the seeds on both sides of the ridges or in lines in the beds

Plough the field to fine tilth. Form ridges and furrows at 45 cm apart or beds of convenient size.

45 x 15 cm

Treat the seeds with Rhizobial culture @ 600 g/ha using rice gruel as binder. Dry the treated seeds in shade for 15 – 30 minutes before sowing.

Give irrigation immediately after sowing and on 3rd day, thereafter once a week.

Apply FYM 25 t, Azospirillum @ 2 kg and Phosphobacteria @ 2 kg /ha, and N 25 kg and P 50 kg/ha for irrigated crop. Apply FYM at 12.5 t/ha and N 12.5 kg and P 25 kg/ha for rainfed crop. Fertilizers can be applied in several split doses at fortnightly intervals. Apply 25kg Zn SO4, 10kg borax as soil application basally.

Before flowering, the tendrils should be pinched thrice for getting bushy plants.

Give one hoeing and weeding on 25th day after sowing.

Pests
Aphids
 Dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit.
 Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit.

Powdery mildew
• Dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha or spray wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l

The tender pods can be harvested from 40-50 days after sowing. Yields is 2,500 kg (rainfed) and 5,000 kg (Irrigated) in a crop duration of 75 to 90 days.

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