Snake Gourd(Trichosanthes cucumerina. L.); Cucurbitaceae

CO1, CO 2, PKM 1, PLR 1, PLR 2 and Baby.
Snake gourd COH1
Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage and a pH range of 6.5-7.5.

July and January.
Sow the seeds (3 seeds/pit) treated with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g/kg or
Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/kg or carbendazim @ 2 g/kg and thin the seedlings to
two per pit after 15 days.

1.5 kg/ha.

Plough the field to fine tilth. Dig pits of size 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm at 2.5 x 2 m spacing and form basins.
Irrigate the basins before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once in a week.
Apply 10 kg of FYM, 100 g of NPK 6:12:12 mixture as basal dose per pit and N @ 10 g pit 30 days after sowing. Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria @ 2 kg/ha and Pseudomonas 2.5 kg/ha along with FYM 50 kg/ha and neem cake @ 100 kg/ha before last ploughing.
Hoe and weed thrice. Provide stakes for the plants to reach the pandal (2 m). Spray Ethrel 100 ppm (1 ml in 10 lit of water) four times starting from 10 to 15 days after sowing at weekly intervals.

Nursery raising
Sow the snake gourd seeds in protrays containing well decomposed cocopeat
medium. Sow only one seed per cell. Keep the trays under shadenet house. Water regularly
with the help of rose can. Transplant about 12 days old seedlings to main field.

Spread the lateral tubes on the raised beds of 120cm wide at 150cm spacing. Irrigate the beds by operating the drip system continuously for 8-12 hrs. Plant the seedlings in the holes made at 60cm spacing.

Pests
For Leaf miner – Liriomyza trifolii,
Red pumpkin beetle – Aulacophora foveicollis,
Aphids– Aphis gossypii,
Thrips– Thrips palmi,
White fly – Bemesia tabaci,
Pumpkin caterpillar – Diaphania indica and
Fruit fly– Bactrocera cucurbitae,
Spray cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD @1.8ml/lit. or Azadirachtin 0.03%


Aphids and jassids
Imidacloprid 70 WG                             1.0g/10lit.


Fruit borers & Caterpillars

Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC                   2.0ml/10lit.
Red Spider mite
Dicofol 18.5 EC                                        2.0ml/lit.
Fruit fly
1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season. Hence
adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
4. Install cucurbit fruit fly trap @ 4/ acre
5. Neem oil @ 3.0 %
Do not use copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic

Pests
For Leaf miner – Liriomyza trifolii,
Red pumpkin beetle – Aulacophora foveicollis,
Aphids– Aphis gossypii,
Thrips– Thrips palmi,
White fly – Bemesia tabaci,
Pumpkin caterpillar – Diaphania indica and
Fruit fly– Bactrocera cucurbitae,
Spray cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD @1.8ml/lit. or Azadirachtin 0.03%

Aphids and jassids
Imidacloprid 70 WG 1.0g/10lit.
Fruit borers & Caterpillars
Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC 2.0ml/10lit.
Red Spider mite
Dicofol 18.5 EC 2.0ml/lit.
Fruit fly
1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season. Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
4. Install cucurbit fruit fly trap @ 4/ acre
5. Neem oil @ 3.0 %
Do not use copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic

Apply neemcake @ 30g/plant as spot treatment 10 days prior to sowing. Soil application of P. fluorescens @ 2.5kg/ha

Powdery mildew
 Spray dinocap @ 1 ml/l or carbendazim 0.5 g/l


Downy mildew
 Spray mancozeb or chlorothalonil @ 2 g/l twice at 10 days interval


CIB recommendation
 Spray ametoctradin + dimethomorph 20.27% w/w SC @ 0.04%

Variety:18 t/ha in 135 – 145 days.
Hybrid: 65-70 t/ha in 135 – 175 days

Crop Growing districts                          Cuddalore, Coimbatore, Dindigul
Major markets in Tamil Nadu              Periyar Vegetable Market, Koyambedu,Chennai Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram Natchipalayam                                                                                 vegetable market, Coimbatore

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