Malligai (Gundumalli) (Jasminum sambac Ait.); Oleaceae

Ramanathapuram Local, Single Mogra, Double Mogra, Iruvatchi, Arka Aradhana

Warm summer, mild winter, moderate rainfall and sunny days

Well drained loamy or red loamy fertile soil

Semi hard wood cuttings (15 – 20 cm long)
Soil is well pulverized upto a good depth. Rooted cuttings are planted at a spacing of 1.25 x 1.25 m (6400 plants/ha) during June to November in pits of 30 x 30 x 30 cm size
FYM @ 10 kg/pit is applied before planting. NPK @ 60:120:120 g/plant/year is applied in 2 equal splits during November (after pruning) and June-July along with 10 kg FYM per plant
Foliar spray of 0.25% ZnSO4 + 0.5% MgSO4 + 0.5% FeSO4 (In case of expression of micronutrient deficiency, spraying should be done at fortnightly intervals until the chlorotic symptoms disappear)

Provided immediately after planting followed by weekly irrigation depending upon weather conditions

Prune the bushes at 50 cm height from ground level during last week of November every year. Early pruning during Aug-Sep induces flower production during off-season (Nov-Feb)

Bud worm
Spray any one of the following insecticides:
 Thiacloprid 240 SC @ 1 ml /lit
 Spinosad 45SC 0.5ml/lit
Blossom midge
Spray any one of the following insecticides
 Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 0.5ml/lit
 Novaluron 10 EC 3ml / lit.
Red spider mite
Spray any one of the following
 Fenazaquin 10 % EC @ 2 ml/lit.
 Propargite 57 % EC @ 2ml/lit.
 Wettable sulphur 50 WP @ 2 g/lit.
Nematode
Test the soil for nematode infection. Apply carbofuran 3G @ 33kg/ha near root zone and irrigate the field.

Yellowing of leaves: It is caused by 3 major factors viz., iron deficiency, nematode infection and root rot disease.
Root rot: Soil drenching with trifloxystrobin + tebuconazole @ 0.75 g/litre or difenoconazole @ 0.5ml /l.
Alternaria leaf spot: Foliar application of mancozeb @ 2.5 g/l or azoxystrobin @ 1g/l
Soil application of Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 25 g/m2 and foliar application of P.fluorescens @ 5 g/l at monthly intervals after planting.

Flowering season is March – October. Fully developed unopened flower buds should be picked in the morning. For concrete extraction, fully opened flowers are harvested

Flowers: 8 – 9 t/ha
Concrete recovery: 0.14 – 0.19%

Main field preparation
Ploughing with chisel, disc, rotovator and cultivator and levelling with tractor drawn leveller.

Pits of 45x45x45 cm size are dug

1.2 x 1.0 m (8333 plants/ha)

Pre emergence application of Pendimethalin @ 2ml/l
Soil application of 2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria per ha at the time of planting. It is to be mixed with 100kg of FYM and applied in pits

5kg FYM + 500g neem cake + 100g vermicompost are applied per pit at the time of planting

Once in 3 days through drip system

100% RDF (60:120:120g NPK/plant/year) as WSF [Polyfeed (19:19:19), potassium nitrate (13:0:45) and Urea]
Foliar spray of panchagavya 3% + humic acid 0.4% at monthly intervals
Foliar spray of FeSO4 @ 0.5% + ZnSO4 @ 0.5% at monthly intervals

12 t/ha

Jasmine buds are harvested early in the morning before 7.00 am at fully developed tight bud stage and the buds are tied into strings and cut into pieces of 30 cm length. The strings are dipped in 4% boric acid and surface dried. Five pieces of strings are packed in a small aluminium lined cardboard box (11 x 13.5 x 4 cm) and further lined with butter paper. Twenty four such boxes are in turn packed in a larger thermocol box (60 x 45 x 30 cm) lined with aluminium foil (in 3 layers with 8 boxes per layer) and ice gel sheets are placed in between each layer and the top layer is covered with aluminium foil. The boxes are closed and covered with brown sealing tape after which the packages can be airlifted.
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