Radish(Raphanus sativus L.); Brassicaceae

Hills: White Icicle, Scarlet Globe, Rapid Red White Tipped
Plains: CO 1, Pusa Rashmi, Pusa Chetki, Pusa Desi, Japanese White and Arka Nishant.

Sandy loam soils with high organic matter. The optimum soil pH is 5.5 to 6.8. Roots of best size, flavour and texture are developed at about 15°C.
June –July in hills and September in plains.

10 kg/ha

The land should be prepared to fine tilth and levelled.

15 x 10 cm.

Plains
Once in a week.

Install the drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5. Place the dripper in lateral tubes at an interval of 60cm and 50cm spacing with 4LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively. Form the raised beds at 120 cm width at an interval of 30cm and place the laterals at the centre of each bed.

Plains
Apply FYM at 25 t/ha and 25 kg N, 100 kg P and 50 kg K/ha as basal dressing and 25 kg N/ha after 30 days.
 Soil application of ZnSO4, 10 kg Borax and foliar spraying of 0.5% ZnSO4 thrice on 30 days and 10 days after each spray.

30x15x10 cm in paired row system. A total of 10 rows are accommodated in one bed
Weeding and hoeing should be done at the second week; thinning of thickly sown plants should be done

Pests
1. Aphids, flea beetle and mustard saw fly
Spray Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/ lit twice or thrice at 10 days intervals.


2. Stem borer
Malathion 50 EC @ 1 ml / lit.

White rust
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or copper oxychloride @ 2 g/l

20 – 30 t/ha in 45 – 60 days.

Crop Growing districts                  Vellore, Dindigul, Thanjavur, Niligris
Major markets in Tamil Nadu     Mettupalayam, Dindigul, Coimbatore and Chennai
Grade Specification                       Size, Shape

Recommended Dose: 50:100:50kg NPK/ha
Crop Stage Duration in
Days
Fertilizer
Grade
Total
Fertilizer
Nutrient supplied % Requirement
N P K N P K
Vegetative 15 19:19:1
9+MN
13-0.45
Urea
40
5.5
4.0
7.5
0.7
1.8
7.5


7.5
2.5

20 7.50 20
subtotal 10 7.5 10
Early Root
development
20 19:19:1
9+MN
13-0.45
Urea
Urea
66
28
20
12.5
3.6
8.9
12.5


12.5
12.5

50 12.50 50
subtotal 25 12.5 25
Root maturity 10 19:19:1
9+MN
13-0.45
Urea
26
22
16
5.0
2.9
7.1
5.0


5.0
10.0

30 5.0 30
Total 45 subtotal 15 5 15
Total 50 25 50 100 25 100
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as super phosphate = 500kg /ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 125 kg / ha
2. 13:0:45 = 50 kg / ha
4. Urea = 50 kg / ha

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