Ginger(Zingiber officinale Rosc.);Zingiberaceae

Rio de Janeiro, Maran, Nadan, Suruchi, Surabi, Suprabha, IISR Varadha, IISR Rejatha, IISR Mahima, Athira, Karthika Varieties for intercrop in coconut plantation : IISR- Rejatha, Athira, Maran & Rio de Janeiro

May-June.

A friable well drained loamy soil rich in humus with warm and humid conditions with 150cm of annual rainfall are preferable. Grown as an irrigated crop in humid zones under tropics. Ginger can be grown from sea level to an altitude of 1500m.

1500 – 1800kg of rhizome/ha.

Treat the seed rhizomes with mancozeb or copper oxychloride 3 g/lit or 200 ppm streptocycline for 30 minutes

Irrigated crop – 40 x 20 cm in ridges and furrows.
Rainfed crop – Raised beds of 20 x 20 cm or 25x 25 cm

Basal
FYM 25-30 t + 30 tonnes of green leaves as mulch in three splits: 15 tonnesimmediately after planting, 7.5 tonnes – 60 days and 120 days after planting, 50: 25 kg of P and K per ha.
Top dressing
37.5: 12.5 kg of N and K per ha applied on 45th and 90th day after planting.

Mulching is done at the time of planting with green leaves. After each top dressing, earthing up of plants is done.

Pests
Shoot borer
 Spray dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit
Leaf roller:
 Spray quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit.

Soft rot
 Provide adequate drainage facilities
 Select healthy and disease – free seed rhizomes
 Treat the seed rhizomes with mancozeb or copper oxychloride @ 3 g/l or 200 ppm streptocycline for 30 minutes
 In the field, drench the beds with copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l or 1% Bordeaux mixture or metalaxyl – M 4% + mancozeb 64% WP @ 4 g/l
Rhizome rot
Rhizome treatment with P. fluorescens @ 20 g/kg of rhizome + soil application @ 2.5 kg/ha immediately after planting and 45 days after planting followed by pre monsoon drenching with metalaxyl @ 0.1%
Leaf spot
 Spray with 1 % bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride @ 0.25%

The crop can be harvested after 8 – 9 months when leaves start yellowing and drying.

12 – 15 t/ha.

 Garbled Non-bleached Calicut Ginger
 Ungarbled Non-bleached Calicut Ginger
 Garbled Non-bleached Cochin Ginger
 Ungarbled Non-bleached Cochin Ginger
 Garbled Bleached Cochin Ginger
 Ungarbled Bleached Cochin Ginger
 Garbled Bleached Calicut Ginger and
 Ungarbled Bleached Calicut Ginger

×