Garlic(Allium sativum); Alliaceae

Bellary Red, Pusa Red, NP 53, Arka Niketan, Arka Kalyan, Agri Found Light Red and Agri Found Dark Red

Well drained friable soil rich in organic matter with a pH range of 6– 7 is ideal. Extreme acidic soils as well as heavy soils are not suited

It can be grown at an elevation of 1200 – 2600 m from the Mean Sea Level (MSL). It requires short days, cool (12–18 °C) moist period during vegetative growth and bulb formation phase

In hilly areas it is grown in two seasons
Irrigated : March-April and Oct – Nov
Rainfed : June – July

1500 – 1600 kg/ha

Seeds are to be treated with Pseudomonas and Trichoderma @2 kg/ha

Cloves are planted at 15 x 7.5cm spacing

During last ploughing 50 t/ha of FYM; Apply Azospirillum 2 kg and Phosphobacteria 2 kg/ha 75:40:40 kg/ha NPK and 40 Kg Sulphur are to be applied. Nitrogen should be applied in the form of Ammonium sulphate

N should not be applied in the form of urea. Spray 1500 ppm of CCC or MH on 30th day of planting. Frequency of irrigation is reduced to minimise rubberisation , 0.2 % Boron, 0.25 % Zinc sulphate are applied on 30th, 60th and 90th days after planting

Post emergence weedicide application of oxyfluorfen 0.1 % three days after sowing . Weeding should be done on 30th and 60th days after planting
Turning of tops to yellowish or brownish colour and commencement of drying is the ideal harvest index for harvesting garlic

16-17 t/ha

Thrips

Thrips can be controlled by spraying Imidacloprid @ 25 EC 0.1% and the spread of viral infestation may be controlled.

Nematode

Nematode can be controlled by the application of Carbofuran 3 G 1 kg a.i./ha during 30 days after planting or by application of Paecilomyces lilacinus @ 2.5 kg/ha

Purple blotch : Seeds are treated with captan or thiram @ 3 g per kg seed
Clove rot: Before planting the cloves are treated with carbendazim@ 2 g/kg of seed bulbs

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