French bean(Phaseolus vulgaris L.); Fabaceae

Hills
YCD 1, Ooty (FB) 2, Ooty 3 (Pole type) and Premier.
Plains
Arka Komal, (Sel.9) and Premier.

Well drained loamy soils with pH range of 5.5-6.0 is required. The optimum temperature is 15-21°C.

Hills : February – March
Plains : October – November

Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g/kg or Thiram or Carbendazim @ 2 g/kg of seed 24 hours before sowing to control fungal diseases. If the crop is raised for the first time, it should be treated with Rhizobium as in cluster beans. In hills, sow the seeds in lines or in beds. In plains, sow the seeds on the sides of the ridges.

Hills: 80 kg/ha (2 seeds/hill) and 30 x 15 cm.
Plains: 50 kg/ha (2 seeds/hill) and 45 x 30 cm.

Hills: Dig the soil thoroughly and incorporate FYM. Form beds of convenient size.
Plains: After two ploughings form ridges and furrows.

Immediately after sowing, third day and thereafter once a week.

Apply FYM 25 t/ha at the last ploughing. N at 90 and P at 125 kg/ha should be applied on one side of the ridges. For rainfed conditions of Shevaroy hills, apply as a basal dose of 62.5 kg/ha of Phosphorus as superphosphate and with another half of 62.5 kg/ha Phosphorus as FYM enriched super phosphate. Soil application of 25kg of ZnSO4 + 10 kg Borax as basal

Whitefly: Place 20 yellow sticky traps coated with castor oil in polythene sheet to attract the whiteflies.
White grub: Carbofuran 3 CG 23.3kg/ha
Stem weevil: Carbofuran 3 CG 33.3kg/ha
Stem fly: Quinalphos 25EC 2.0ml/lit., Quinalphos 1.5DP 20Kg/ha
Leaf hoppers, aphids, and glasshouse whitefly: Spray methyl demeton 25 EC or dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/lit.

Ash weevils: Spray Azadirachtin 0.03% (300ppm) @ 2.5 ml/lit.
Pod borer: Spray Azadirachtin 0.03% (300ppm) @ 2.5 ml/lit thrice at fortnightly intervals

Powdery mildew
 Spray wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l or dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha
Rust : Dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha
Anthracnose : Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or carbendazim @ 1 g/l or chlorothalonil @ 2 g/l
Leaf spot : Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l
Root rot
 Drench carbendazim @ 1 g/l
Mosaic
 Select disease free planting materials
 Spray dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/l or methyl demeton @ 25 EC 1 ml/l thrice at fortnightly intervals

It is ready forharvest in 50 days after sowing. 9 – 10 t/ha of green pods in 90 – 100 days.

Varieties : TKD 1, KKL 1, Ooty 1, Murungai beans

Well drained loamy soils with pH range of 5.5-6.0 is required. The optimum temperature is 15-21°C

Hills : February – March and July – August.

Prepare the land to fine tilth. Sow the seeds at a spacing of 20 cm between plants in double rows of 30 cm apart with a distance of 1.5 metre between each pair of rows.

50 – 55 kg/ha. Treat the seeds with Rhizobium @ (4 packets/ha).

Immediately after sowing, on 3rd day and thereafter once in a week.

FYM 25 t/ha, 90 kg each of NPK as basal and 45 kg each 20 days after sowing.

First weeding and staking 20 days after sowing.

Pests
Whitefly
Place 20 yellow sticky traps coated with castor oil in polythene sheet to attract the white flies.
Leaf hoppers, aphids, and glasshouse whitefly
Spray Methyl demeton @ 25 EC or Dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/l.
Ash weevils
Spray Phosalone 35 EC @ 1.5 ml/l.

Mosaic
 Remove the affected plants and spray dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/l or methyl demeton @ 25 EC 1 ml/l thrice at fortnightly intervals
Powdery mildew
 Spray wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l or dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha
Rust
 Dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha
Anthracnose
 Remove the affected plants and pods and spray mancozeb @ 2 g/

It is ready for harvest in 60-75 days. Green pods 12 – 15 t/ha in 90 to 110 days

×