Cinnamon(Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume);Lauraceae

YCD 1, PPI – 1, IISR Nithyasree, IISR Navasree, Konkan Tej, Sugandhini and RRL(B)C-6.
Sandy or lateritic soils with high humus are suitable. Can be grown at an altitude of 800 – 1000 m MSL with an annual rainfall of 150 to 250 cm.

June – December

Seeds / Semi hardwood cuttings

Seeds collected from selected mother trees are sown immediately in nursery beds in rows of 12 cm apart. July – August is the best season for sowing.Germination occurs within 15 to 20 days.Six months old seedlings are transplanted to polythene bags when they attain a height of 15 cm.
Take pits of 60x 60x 60cm at 2 m x 2 m spacing. Fill the pits with top soil and FYM 10 kg. One year old seedlings or rooted cuttings are transplanted under partial shade.

Protective watering during summer is beneficial.

Manures and fertilizers                                 1st year                                Annual increase                                 10th year onwards
FYM (kg)                                                          –                                                    2.0                                                           20
N (g)                                                                     20                                                 20                                                          200
P (g)                                                                      18                                                  18                                                           180
K (g)                                                                      25                                                 25                                                          250

 Provide temporary shade after transplanting.
 Weeds are removed as and when necessary.
 Young trees are cut close to the ground to produce side shoots from second or third year onwards. This process is called “Coppicing”. By           stooling around the stumps, more side shoots are encouraged from the base of the trees.

Pests
Shoot borer: Smear stem and branches with dimethoate 2 ml/lit of water once in a month

Leaf spot
 Spray 1 % bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride @ 0.25 %

The harvest starts from 4thor 5thyear after planting. Cut the shoots in May and November for bark harvest. Young shoots spring up from the stump are ready for removal in subsequent season within 18 months when they attain one metre long and 1 to 2 cm thick. Terminal ends of shoots are removed. Peeling is done by knives after scraping off the outer bark. Cutting is followed by scraping and peeling operations. It is done by using a specially made knife which has a small and round end with a projection on one side to facilitate ripping of the bark. A knife fabricated at TNAU, Horticultural Research Station, Thadiyankudisai facilitates easy extraction of bark and it saves 30 to 40% time in extraction. Harvested produce is called as ‗Quills‘. From leaves, Cinnamon oil can be extracted by steam distillation.

100 g of dried bark/ bush/ year. 35 kg of leaf oil/ ha/ year.

×