Carrot(Daucus carota L.); Umbelliferae

Hills:             Ooty-1, Early Nantes and New Korda.
Plains:          India Gold, Pusa Kesar and Half Long Danvers

The Carrot is a cool season crop and when grown at 15°C to 20°C will develop a good colour. The carrot crop needs deep loose loamy soil. It requires a soil pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.

Hills: At elevation above 1500 metres, carrot can be grown throughout the year under assured irrigation. At elevations between 1000 – 1500 metres. Carrot can be grown in July – February.
Plains: August

4 kg/ha.

Mark the rows with spacing of 25 – 30 cm. Sow the seeds mixed with sand
(One part of seed with 4 parts of sand).

Hills: 10 cm between plants.
Plains: 5 cm between plants.

Hills
Prepare the land to a fine tilth and form raised beds of one metre breadth and convenient length.
Plains
Two ploughings are given and ridges and furrows are formed at 30 cm spacing.

Once in five days.

30 t of FYM and 90:90:90 kg of NPK per ha as basal dose and 45:45:45 kg of NPK after 45 days. Apply 25 kg of ZnSO4/ha as basal.

 10 kg borax as basal soil application.
 Foliar spraying of 0.50 % ZnSo4 thrice on 45 days and 10 days after for each spray

Gap filling after 20 days of planting toSpray Fluchloralin 1 l a.i./ha immediately after sowing the seeds to control weeds or first weeding to be done on 15th day. Thinning and earthing up should be given on 30th day. Splitting of roots is a physiological disorder which is usually seen when there is a sudden increase in soil moisture after prolonged drought. Forking is another phenomenon where in the hard soil does not allow the straight growth of tap root which results in formation of forked root. Forked roots and split roots fetch poor price in market. Keeping the soil moisture at optimum condition will help to keep the soil also loose thereby help to avoid splits and forked roots. maintain the population and uniform growth. Hoeing and weeding on 30th and 45th day. Avoid deep intercultivation as it is a shallow rooted crop.

Carrot is not much affected by pests.

Application of neem cake @ 1 ton/ha at planting. Biofumigation of mustard plants followed by application of neemcake @ 250kg/ha along with Purpureocillium lilacinum @ 5kg/ha or application of P. lilacinum as seed treatment @ 20g/kg of seed followed by soil application @ 2.5kg/ha along with FYM @ 2.5 t/ha.

Leaf spot
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l

25 – 30 t/ha in 100 – 120 days

Growing districts                             Nilgiris, Dindigul and Krishnagiri
Major markets in Tamil Nadu      Mettupalayam, Dindigul, Coimbatore and Chennai
Grade Specification                       Size, diameter or length.

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