Capsicum(Sweet pepper/Bell pepper):Capsicum annuum ; Solanaceae

Arka Basant, Arka Gaurav, Arka Mohini, Green Gold, Bharath.
Well drained loamy soil rich in organic matter
September – February

Varieties : 1.25 kg/ha

Hybrids : 200 g / ha

Treat the seeds with of Carbendazim @ 2 g /kg of seed and sow in lines across the bed at a spacing of 2.5 cm and then cover with top soil and then paddy straw. Watering with rose can has to be done daily. On 20th day of sowing, 300g of carbofuran 3G granules have to be applied in between the seedling lines across the bed, the soil has to be stirred and then the beds are irrigated.

 Prepare the nursery area of 3 cents with slanting slope of 2 % for the seedling
production to cover 1 ha.
 Cover the nursery area with 50 % shade net and cover the sides using 40/50 mesh
insect proof nylon net.
 Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length and place HDPV pipes at 2m
interval for further protection with polythene sheets during rainy months.

79
 Mix sterilized cocopeat @ 300 kg with 5 kg neem cake along with Azospirillum and
phosphobacteria each @ 1 kg. Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling
one protray. 238 protrays (98 cells) are required for the production of 23,324
seedlings, which are required for one hectare adopting a spacing of 90 x 60 x 60 cm
in a paired row system.
 Sow the treated seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
 Cover the seeds with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover
with a polythene sheet till germination starts.
 After 6 days, place the protrays with germinated seeds individually on the raised
beds inside the shade net.
 Water with rose-can every day and drench with 19:19:19 @ 0.5% (5g/l) at 18 days
after sowing.

Plough the field to a fine tilth. Form ridges and furrows 45 or 60 cm apart. Transplant 40-45 days old seedlings at 30 cm spacing

Irrigation at weekly or 10 days interval.

 Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal before last ploughing.
 Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 20 kg of
FYM.
 Apply 75 % total recommended dose of super phosphate i.e. 703 kg / ha as basal.
 Install the drip irrigation with main and sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at an
interval of 1.5 m.
 Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4
LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
 Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and place the laterals at the
centre of the each bed.
 Before planting, wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
 Planting to be done at a spacing of 90 x 60 x 60 cm in the paired row system, using
ropes marked at 60 cm spacing.
 Spray Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. /ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i/ha as pre-emergence
herbicide at 3rd day after planting.
 Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

Apply FYM 25 t/ha and NPK 40:60:30 kg /ha as basal and 40 kg N/ha each on 30, 60 and 90 days of planting as top dressing.

Fertigation schedule for capsicum F1 Hybrid
Recommended dose: 250:150:150 kg / ha

Crop stage                             Duration in days                Fertilizer   grade          TotalFertilizer(kg/ha)       Nutrient supplied             % requirement
                                                                                                                                                                                         N     P       K                    N      P    K
Transplanti
ng
to plant
establishme
nt stage
10 19:19:19
MN
13:0:45
Urea
39.47
16.66
33.28
7.50
2.16
15.3
7.50


7.50
7.50

10.00 5.00 10.00
Subtotal 24.9 7.50 15.00

80
Vegetative
stage
30 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
24.60
133.33
173.00
2.95
17.3
3
79.5
15.0
0



60.00

30.00 10.00 20.00
Subtotal 99.8 15.0 60.00
Flower
initiation to
first picking
30 19:19:19
13.0:45
Urea
39.47
83.33
122.97
7.50
10.8
56.5
7.50


7.50
37.50

20.00 5.00 20.00
Subtotal 74.9 7.50 45.00
Harvesting
stage
95 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
12.30
66.66
86.51
1.48
8.67
39.7
7.50



30.00

40.00 5.00 50.00
Subtotal 49.9 7.50 30.00
Total 165 249.
66
(or)
250.0
37.5 150.00 100.0 25.0 100.0
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as Superphosphate = 703 kg / ha
1. 19:19:19 = 79 kg /ha
2. 13:0:45 = 300 kg /ha
3. 12:61:0 = 37 kg /ha
4 Urea = 416 kg /ha

On 30th day, hoeing and weeding has to be done once and the plants are earthed up.
Spray 1.25 ppm Triacontanol (12.5 mg /10 l of water) on 20th, 40th, 60th and 80th day after transplanting. Spray NAA 10 ppm (10 mg/l of water) on 60 and 90 days after planting.

Powdery mildew
 Spray wettable sulphur @ 0.3%


CIB recommendation
 Spray myclobutanil 10% WP @ 0.04% or azoxystrobin 18.2% w/w + difenoconazole
11.4% w/w SC @ 1ml/l
Anthracnose
 Spray mancozeb 2 g/l or azoxystrobin 18.2% w/w + difenoconazole 11.4% w/w SC @
0.1% or metiram 55% + pyraclostrobin 5% WG @ 0.3%
Die-back and fruit rot
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g /l

CIB recommendation
 Spray difenoconazole 25% EC @ 0.05%

Apply carbofuran 3 G @10-12kg/ha at 15 days after transplanting, followed by dimethoate @ 1ml/lit at 25 days interval.
Harvest fully matured green fruits before ripening. Yield: 15 tonnes/ha in 150-160 days.
×