Cabbage(Brassica oleraceae var. Capitata); Brasicaceae

Hills:            Pusa Mukta
Plains:          Golden Acre and Pusa Drum Head

It is grown in varied types of soils ranging from sandy loam to clay. It requires a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5

Hills :     January – February, July – August and September – October.
Plains :  August – November.

650 g/ha.

100 sq.m nursery area/ha. Apply FYM at 300 kg and 10 kg of No.5 mixture (9:9:9) along with 50 g of sodium molybdate and 100 g of borax. Sow the seeds in rows drawn at 10 cm spacing in raised seed beds after drenching it with Copper oxychloride (2.5 g/l). Seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 40-45 days after sowing. Avoid land infected with ‗club root disease‘.
Raise the seedlings in shade net house. A nursery area of 5 cents with a slanting slope of 2% is required for the production of seedlings for 1 ha. Cover the nursery area with 50 per cent shade net and the sides with 40/50 mesh insect proof nylon net. Form the raised beds of 1m width and convenient length inside the nursery and above the beds, the portrays are placed.
The Protrays of 98 cells are ideal for cabbage seedling production. Around 300 protrays are required for the production of 29,400 seedlings required for one hectare at spacing of 60 x 45 x 45 cm in three row planting
The sterilized cocopeat @ 720kg / ha is mixed with 10 kg of neem cake and Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria each @ 1kg. About 1.25 kg of the cocopeat medium is required for each tray.
250 g of hybrid cabbage seeds are required for the production of seedlings for 1 ha. Treat the seeds in hot water @ 50C for 30 minutes. 25g of Azospirillum is required for the seed treatment of 250g cabbage seeds.
Sow the seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell. Cover the seeds with cocopeat and keep the tray one over the other (8-10Nos) and covered with polythene sheet for 5 days or till germination starts. After 5 days when the seeds are germinated arrange the protrays on the raised beds inside the shade net nursery. Water the tray by rose can everyday (twice / day) upto seed germination. Drench with 19:19:19 + MN @ 0.5 % (5g/lit) solution using rose can or spray micro nutrient of 0.5 % at 18 days after sowing. The cabbage seedlings are ready for transplanting in 25 days
Bring the soil to a fine tilth. Pits should be taken up at a spacing of 40 cm either way in Hills. Ridges and furrows are formed at 45 cm apart in plains.

Hills : 40 x 40 cm
Plains : 45 x 30 cm

Provide continuous supply of moisture

Install drip system with main and sub-main and place the inline laterals at the interval of 1.5 m. Place the drippers at the interval of 60 cm for 4 LPH or 50 cm for 3.5 LPH in the lateral system. Form the raised beds at 120 cm width at an interval of 30cm and place the laterals at the centre of each bed.

Hills
Apply 30 t/ha FYM, 90 kg N, 90 kg P and 90 kg K as basal and 45:45:45 kg NPK/ha 30 to 45 days after planting. Apply departmental micronutrient mixture (borax & molybdenum) @ 2 kg per ha as basal dressing.
Plains
Apply 20 t/ha of FYM. 50 kg N, 125 kg P and 25 kg K/ha along with 2 kg Azospirillum as basal and 50 kg N after one month of planting and earth up.

Basal soil application of 50kg ZnSo4 ha-1 or 37.5 kg ZnSo4 enriched with FYM (1:10 ratio)
10 kg borax ha-1 for B deficient soil.
10 kg CuSo4 as basal or 7.5 kg CuSo4 as enriched FYM (1:10 ratio)
1 kg Sodium molybdate ha-1 as soil application
Foliar Spraying: – 0.5 % ZnSo4 twice on 45 days after planting and 10 days later – 0.2% CuSo4 twice on 45 days after planting and 10 days later

60x 45x45cm in paired row system

Deep hoeing should be avoided, as the Cabbage roots are surface feeders.

Recommended Dose: 200:125:150 kg/ha
Crop Stage Durati
on in
days
Fertilizer
grade
Total
fertilize
rs
Nutrient supplied % Requirement
N P K N P K
Transplanting
to plant
establishment
10 19:19:19
+MN
13-0.45
Urea
32.87
19.42
24.36
6.25
2.52
11.21
6.25


6.25
8.74

10.00 5.00 10.00
Sub
total
19.98 6.25 14.99
Head initiation 30 12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
20.37
133.20
130.74
2.44
17.32
60.14
12.5
0



59.9

30.0 10.0 30.0
Sub
total
79.90 12.5
0
59.54
Head initiation
to
development
30 19:19:19
+MN
13-0.45
Urea
32.87
86.02
92.37
6.25
11.18
42.49
6.25


6.25
38.7

20.0 5.00 20.0
Sub
total
59.92 6.25 44.96
Harvesting 35 12-61-0
13.0-45
Urea
10.18
66.60
65.38
1.22
8.66
30.07
6.25



29.9

40.00 5.00 40.00
Total duration 105 Sub
total
39.95 6.25 29.9 100.0 25.0 100.0
Total 199.75
(or)
200.00
31.2 149.8
(or)
150.0
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate in plains and rock phosphate in hills
(589 kg/ha)
1. 19:19:19 = 66 kg / ha
2. 13:0:45 = 305 kg / ha
3. 12:61:0 = 31 kg / ha
4. Urea = 313 kg / ha

Pests
Aphids
 Install yellow sticky trap @12 no/ha to monitor ―macropterous‖ adults (winged adult).
 Spray neem oil 3 %
 Spray any one of the following insecticides


Insecticide                                                              Dose
Azadirachtin 0.03% WSP (300 ppm)                     2.5 g/lit.
Acetamiprid 20 SP                                                    1.5 g /10 lit.
Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD                                       1.2 ml/lit.
Dimethoate 30 EC                                                     1.5 ml/ lit.
Malathion 50 EC 3 ml/lit.

Phosalone 35 EC                                                        3.0 ml/lit.
Tolfenpyrad 15 EC                                                      2 ml/lit.


Leaf eating caterpillars


Insecticide                                                               Dose
Azadirachtin 0.03% WSP (300 ppm)                      2.5 g/lit.
Chlorfluazuron 5.4 EC                                               3 ml/lit.


Tobacco caterpillar- Spodoptera litura
Cyantraniliprole 10.26% OD                                     1.2 ml /lit.
Azadirachtin 5% Neem Extract Concentrate           5.0 ml/10 lit.


Diamondback moth
 Grow mustard as intercrop at 20:1 ratio to attract diamond back moth for oviposition.
 Periodically spray the mustard crop with insecticide to avoid the dispersal of the larvae.
 Install pheromone traps @ 12/ha.
 Spray Bacillus thuringiensis @ 2 g/lit at primordial stage (ETL 2 larvae/plant).
 Spray NSKE 5 % at primordial stage or
 Beauveria bassiana 10 SC 2 ml /lit.
Spray any one of the following insecticides:


Insecticide                                                                    Dose
Azadirachtin 0.03% WSP (300 ppm)                           2.5 g/lit.
Azadirachtin 5% Neem Extract Concentrate              5.0 ml/10 lit.
Bacillus thuringiensis var kurstaki 5 % WP                 1.0 g/lit.
Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC                                            5.0 ml/10 lit.
Chlorfenapyr 10 SC                                                          1.5 ml/lit.
Chlorfluazuron 5.4 EC                                                     3 ml/lit.
Chlorpyriphos 20 EC                                                       2.0 ml/lit.
Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD                                              1.2 ml/lit.
Diafenthiuron 50 WP                                                      1.2 g/ lit.
Emamectin benzoate 5 SG                                             3 g/10 lit.
Fipronil 5 SC                                                                     1.6 ml/lit.
Fipronil 80 WG                                                                 2 g/ lit.
Flubendiamide 20 WDG                                                  1 g/10 lit.
Flubendiamide 39.35 SC                                                  1 g/10 lit.
Indoxacarb 14.5 SC                                                           6.6 ml/10 lit.
Indoxacarb 15.8 SC                                                           5.3 ml/10 lit.
Lufenuron 5.4 EC                                                               1.2 ml/ lit.
Metaflumizone 22 SC                                                        1.5 ml/lit.
Novaluron 10 EC                                                                 1.5 ml/ lit.
Pyridalyl 10 EC                                                                    1.0 ml/lit.
Spinosad 2.5 SC                                                                 1.2 ml/lit.
Thiodicarb 75 WP                                                              2.0 g/lit.
Tolfenpyrad 15% EC                                                          2.0 g/lit.

Club root disease
Biological control
 Seed treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescens at 10 g/ kg of seeds followed by seedling dip @ 5 g/ l and soil application @ 2.5 kg/ha with 50 kg FYM before planting


Chemical control
 Dip the seedlings in carbendazim solution @ 2 g/l for 20 minutes
 Drench the soil around the seedlings in the main field with carbendazim @ 1 g/l
 Follow crop rotation
 Crucifers should be avoided for three years


Leaf spots
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or carbendazim @ 1 g/l


Leaf blight
 Spray mancozeb @ 2.5 g/ l


Ring spot
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or carbendzim @ 1 g/l or copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l


Downy mildew
 Spray metalaxyl + mancozeb @ 2 g/l thrice at 10 days interval


Black rot
 Dip the seeds in 100 ppm streptocycline for 30 minutes
 Two sprays with copper oxychloride @ 2 g/l + streptomycin @ 100 ppm after planting and head formation

Hills: 70 – 80 t/ha in 150 days.
Plains: 25 – 35 t/ha in 120 days.

Crop Growing districts                           Nilgris, Krishnagiri, Theni, Erode
Major markets in Tamil Nadu               Mettupalayam, Ottanchathiram, Hosur and Dindigul
Grade Specification                                Size and Weight

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