Brinjal(Solanum melongenaL.); Solanaceae

CO 2, MDU 1, PKM 1, PLR 1, PLR (B) 2, KKM 1, PPI 1, Annamalai and TNAU Brinjal VRM 1
COBH 1and COBH 2

 CO 1, CO2, COBH .1 and COBH.2 – Coimbatore, Erode, Tirupur and Salem
 MDU-1-Madurai
 PKM-1-Theni and Madurai
 PLR 1, PLR (Br) 2- Cuddalore
 KKM 1-Tirunelveli
 PPI-1-Kanyakumari
 TNAU Brinjal VRM-1-Vellore and Thiruvannamalai

Well drained soil rich in organic matter with pH of 6.5-7.5.
December – January and May – June
Apply FYM 10 kg, neem cake 1 kg, VAM 50 g, enriched super phosphate 100 g and furadon 10 g/m2 before sowing. Area required for raising seedling for planting 1.0 ha is 100 sq.m.

Varieties : 400 g / ha
Hybrids : 200 g / ha

Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g / kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g / kg of seed. Treat the seeds with Azospirillum @ 40 g / 400 g of seeds using rice gruel as adhesive. Irrigate with rose can. In raised nursery beds, sow the seeds in lines at 10 cm apart and cover with sand. Transplant the seedlings 30 – 35 days after sowing at 60 cm apart in the ridges.

 Prepare the nursery area of 3 cents with slanting slope of 2 % for the seedling
production to cover 1 ha.
 Cover the nursery area with 50 % shade net and cover the sides using 40 / 50 mesh
insect proof nylon net.
 Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length and place HDPV pipes at 2m
interval for further protection with polythene sheets during rainy months.
 Mix sterilized cocopeat @ 300 kg with neem cake 5 kg along with Azospirillum and
phosphobacteria each @ 1 kg. Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling
one protray. 200 protrays are required for the production of 18,700 seedlings, which

64
are required for one hectare adopting a spacing of 90 x 60 x 75 cm in paired row
system.
 Sow the treated seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
 Cover the seeds with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover
with a polythene sheet till germination starts.
 After 6 days, place the protrays with germinated seeds individually on the raised
beds inside the shade net.
 Water with rose-can everyday and drench with 19:19:19 @ 0.5% (5g/l) at 18 days
after sowing.

Thoroughly prepare the field with the addition of FYM @ 25 t / ha and form ridges and furrows at a spacing of 60 cm. Apply 2 kg / ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg / ha of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of FYM. Irrigate the furrows and transplant 30-35 days old seedlings at 60 cm apart on the ridges.

Varieties : 60 x 60 cm
Hybrids : 90 x 60 cm

Mulch with black LDPE sheets of 25 micron thickness and bury both the ends into the soil to a depth of 10 cm.
Apply Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i / ha as pre-emergence herbicide, followed by hand weeding once at 30 days after planting.
After establishment of seedlings, irrigate at weekly intervals.

 Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal dose before last ploughing.
 Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of
FYM.
 Apply 75 % total recommended dose of superphosphate i.e. 703 kg / ha as basal.
 Install the drip irrigation with main and sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at an
interval of 1.5 m.
 Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4
LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
 Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and place the laterals at the
centre of the each bed.
 Before planting, wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
 Planting to be done at a spacing of 90x60x75 cm in the paired row system, using
ropes marked at 75 cm spacing.
 Spray Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i./ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i/ha as pre-emergence
herbicide at 3rd day after planting.
 Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

Apply 2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria in the mainfield at planting.


Varieties
Basal dose : FYM 25 t/ha, NPK 50:50:30 kg/ ha.
Top dressing : 50 kg N/ha on 30th day of planting or during earthing up.

Basal dose : FYM 25 t/ha, NPK 100:150:100 kg/ha.
Top dressing : 100 kg N/ha on 30th day of planting or during earthing up.

Recommended dose: 200:150: 100 kg / ha


Crop stage                       Duration in days                    Fertilizer grade Total Fertilizer(kg/ha)           Nutrient applied            % of requirement
                                                                                                                                                                                        N   P   K                                 N   P   K
Transplanting                                10                                                             19:19:19+MN

                                                                                                                          13:0:45
Urea                                 
to plant
establishment
                                                  
19:19:19
+MN
13:0:45 Urea                                                                  Urea

Spray 2 ppm (1 ml in 500 lit) Triacontanol plus Sodium Borate or Borax 35 mg/l of water 15 days after transplanting and at the time of full bloom to increase the yield.

 Stake the plants 30 days after planting with 1 – 1.5 m tall stakes.
 Remove the side branches up to 20 cm from ground level.

0.5% Zn sulphate thrice at 10 days interval if deficiency noticed in plants
Hand weeding, top dressing and earthing up on 30th day of planting.

Pests
Epilachna beetle:
 Collect the beetles, grubs, pupae and destroy.
 Spray any one of the following insecticides


Whitefly:
Monitor the whitefly with yellow sticky trap @ 12/ha. Spray Neem oil 3% plus Teepol
1 ml/lit or spray Neem Seed Kernel Extract 5 % or spray any one of the following insecticides


Insecticide                                                                                                           Dose
Thiamethoxam 25 % WG                                                                               4.0 g/10 l.


Shoot & fruit borer:
 Remove the affected terminal shoot showing boreholes.
 Remove the affected fruits and destroy.
 Avoid using synthetic pyrethroids.
 Spray Neem Seed Kernel Extract 5 % or any one of the following chemicals starting
from one month after planting at 15 days interval

Insecticide                                                                                                                  Dose
Azadirachtin 1.0% EC (10000 ppm)                                                                         3.0 ml/l.
Azadirachtin 0.03 % WSP (300 ppm)                                                                     5.0 g/l.
Dimethoate 30 % EC                                                                                                 7.0 ml/10 l.
Emamectin benzoate 5 % SG                                                                                  4 g/10 l.
Flubendiamide 20 WDG                                                                                           7.5 g/10 l.
Phosalone 35 % EC                                                                                                   1.5 ml/l.
Quinalphos 20 % AF                                                                                                 1.7ml/ l.
Quinalphos 25 % EC                                                                                                 1.5 ml/l.
Thiodicarb 75 % WP                                                                                                  2.0 g/l.
Thiometon 25 % EC                                                                                                   1.0 ml/l.
Trichlorofon 50 % EC                                                                                                1.0 ml/l.


Aphid:
 Release 1st instar larvae of Green lace wing predator (Chrysoperla carnea) @
10,000/ ha.
Red Spider mite:
 Spray any one of the following insecticide
Insecticide                                                                                                                     Dose
Dicofol 18.5 % SC                                                                                                             2.0 ml/lit.
Spiromesifen 22.9 % SC                                                                                                  8.0 ml/10 lit

Damping off (nursery)
 Treat the seeds with Trichoderma asperellum @ 4 g / kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g /kg of seeds 24 hours before sowing
 Apply P. fluorescens to soil @ 2.5 kg/ha with 50 kg of FYM
 Avoid stagnation of water. Drench with copper oxychloride at 2.5 g/l @ 4 l/sq.m

Treat the seeds with metalaxyl-M 31.8% ES @ 2ml/ kg of seeds 24 hours before sowing
Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l
Remove the affected plants in the early stages and spray dimethoate 30 EC @ 1 ml/l to control the vector

 Seed treatment with antagonistic fungus viz. Trichoderma harzianum@ 4 g/kg seed or T. viride @ 4 g/kg seed  along with application of pressmud @ 5 kg/m2 or carbofuran 3G @10 g/m2
.
 Application of carbofuran 3G @ 10g/m2 at the time of sowing. Intercrop with marigold at 4:1 ratio. Apply Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10g/m2 for nematodes and damping off disease complex.

Varieties : 25 – 30 t/ha
Hybrids : 60 t/ha

Crop Growing districts:   Vellore, Salem, Krishnagiri, Dindigul, Coimbatore
Major markets in Tamil Nadu:  Ottanchatram, Dindigul, Tirunelveli, Tuticorin and Nagercoil
Grade Specification: Colour, Size, Glossy, smooth and tender.
Colour: light purple or dark purple, green, purple coloured with white stripes.
Size: 25-30 cm long, oblong or round

 Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride (4g/kg) and Pseudomonas @ 10 g/ kg of
seed
 Nursery + seedling dip treatment with Pseudomonas @ 10 g/ lit of water
 Soil application with Neemcake @250 kg/ha
 Maize as boarder crop against movement of whiteflies/ Liriomyza
 Use of yellow sticky traps against White flies and Liriomyza
 Clipping of shoot borer infested terminals
 Leucinodes adult monitoring with pheromone traps
 Trichogramma release after each brood emergence of Leucinodes
 Application of Neem oil formulations 10000ppm @1% / Neem seed kernel extract
(5%

×