Bhendi(Abelmoschus(L) Moench.); Malvaceae

Arka Anamika, Arka Abhay ,Parbhani Kranti and Varsha Uphar
COBhH 1, COBhH 3 and Bhendi Hybrid CO 4
It is adaptable to a wide range of soils from sandy loam to clayey loam.
June – August and February

Varieties : 8.0 kg / ha
Hybrids : 2.5 kg / ha

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g/kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/ kg of seeds and again with 400 g of Azospirillum using starch as adhesive and dried in shade for 20 minutes.
Sow three seeds per hill at 30 cm apart and then thin to 2 plants per hill after 10 days.
45 x 30 cm

 Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal before last ploughing.
 Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of
FYM.
 Apply 75 % total recommended dose of super phosphate ie. 469 kg / ha as basal.
 Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm.
 Install the drip irrigation with main and sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at the
centre of the each bed at an interval of 1.5 m.
 Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4
LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
 Before planting, wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
 Sowing to be done at a spacing of 90 x 45 x 45 cm in the paired row system, using
ropes marked at 45 cm spacing.
 Spray Oxyflourfen at 0.15 kg ai / ha or Fluchloralin @ 1.0 kg ai / ha or Metolachlor
@ 0.75 kg a.i / ha as pre emergence application on third day of sowing.
 Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

After germination, irrigate at weekly intervals.
Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria each at 2 kg/ha mixed with 100 kg of FYM before sowing.
Basal dose FYM @ 25 t/ha, N @ 20 kg, P @ 50 kg and K @ 30 kg/ha as basal and 20 kg N/ha at 30 days after sowing.
Basal dose FYM @ 40 t / ha, N @ 100 kg, P @ 100 kg and K @ 100 kg/ha as basal and 100 kg N / ha 30 at days after sowing.
1 % urea (10 g/l) + muriate of potash (10 g/l) on 30 and 45 days after planting.For hybrids, foliar application of water soluble fertilizer 19-19-19 three times @ 0.5% (5 g/l) at 10 days interval from 30 days after planting.

Crop
stage
Duration
in days
Fertilize
r grade
Total
Fertilize
r (kg/ha)
Nutrient applied % of requirement
N P K H P K
Sowing to
plant
establishm
ent
10 19:19:19
+MN
13:0:45
Urea
26.30
5.50
25.65
7.50
11.10
29.48
5.00


5.00
5.00

10.00 5.00 10.00
Subtotal 20.00 5.0 10.0
Flower
initiation to
flowering
30 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
16.39
88.88
144.52
1.97
11.55
66.48
10.0



40.0

30.0 10.0 30.0
Subtotal 80.00 10.0 40.0
Flowering
to fruit set
30 19:19:19
+MN
13.0:45
Urea
26.30
55.55
103.87
5.00
7.22
47.78
5.0


5.00
25.0

30.0 5.00 30.0
Subtotal 60.00 5.0 30.0
Alternate
days from
picking
30 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
8.20
44.44
72.26
0.98
5.78
33.24
5.0



20.0

30.0


5.00 30.0
Subtotal 40.00 5.0 20.0
Total
duration
100 200.0 25.0 100.0 100 25 100
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as super phosphate = 469 kg/ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 54 kg / ha
2. 13:0:45 = 200 kg / ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg / ha
4. Urea = 350 kg / ha

Spray Oxyflourfen @ 0.15 kg ai/ha or Fluchloralin @ 1.0 kg ai / ha or Metolachlor @ 0.75 kg a.i / ha as pre emergence application on third day after sowing. Herbicide application should be integrated with hand weeding once on 30 days after sowing.

Pests
Fruit borers                                                       Integrated pest management
                                                                              Set up pheromone trap @ 12 / ha.
                                                                              Collect and destroy affected fruits.
                                                                              Release egg parasitoid, Trichogramma chilonis @ 1.0 lakh / ha.
                                                                              Release 1st instar larvae of green lace wing predator
                                                                            Chrysoperla carnea @ 10,000/ha.
                                                                              Release Chelonus blackburnii and Bracon brevicornis at 1000
                                                                              adult each /ha at fortnight interval thrice from flower initiation
                                                                               Spray Bacillus thuringiensis @ 2 g/l or spray any one of the
following insecticides:


Insecticide                                                               Dose
Azadirachtin 0.03 %                                                 5.0g / l.
Azadirachtin 5 % Neem
Extract Concentrate                                                 5.0ml /10 l.
Buprofezin 70 DF                                                      5.5 ml/10 l.
Emamectin benzoate 5 SG                                      3.0g /10 l.
Malathion 50EC                                                        3.3ml/10 l.
Pyridalyl 10 EC                                                           1.0ml / l.
Quinalphos 20 AF                                                     1.5ml / l.
Quinalphos 25 EC                                                    8.0ml /10 l.


Leaf hopper                                                                Treat the seeds with imidacloprid 48 FS or 70 WS @ 7g / kg or
                                                                                       Thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 2.8g / kg of seed. Apply/ spray any
                                                                                        one of the following insecticides.


Insecticide                                                                          Dose
Azadirachtin 0.03 WSP                                                   5.0 g /10l.
Azadirachtin 5% Neem Extract
concentrate                                                                      5.0 ml /10l
Dimethoate 30 EC                                                           2.0 ml /l.
Imidacloprid 17.8 SL                                                        2ml/10l.
Imidacloprid 70 WG                                                        0.7g /10l.
Malathion 50 EC                                                              1.25 ml /l.
Thiamethoxam 25WG                                                     1.0 g /10l.
Methyl demeton 25 EC                                                   1.6 ml / l.
Quinalphos 25 EC                                                           1.0 ml / l.


Aphid
Acetamiprid 20 SP                                                          1.5g/10l.
Dimethoate 30 EC                                                          2.0 ml /l.
Malathion 50EC                                                              1.25 ml /l.
Tolfenpyrad 15EC                                                            2.0/l.


Red spider Mite


Whiteflies
Dicofol 18.5 EC                                                                   2.7 ml/l.
Quinalphos 25 EC                                                              2.0 ml/l.
Spiromesifen 22.9SC                                                        8ml/10l.

Azadirachtin 0.03 WSP                                                     5.0 g /10l.
Methyl demeton 25 EC                                                     1.6 ml /l.
Thiamethoxam 25WG                                                       2.0g/10l.

Yellow vein mosaic
 Spray azadirachtin 0.03 WSP @ 5 g/10l or methyl demeton 25 EC @ 1.6 ml/l or thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 2 g/lit to kill the insect vector, whitefly

Powdery mildew
 Dust sulphur @ 25 kg / ha or spray dinocap @ 2 ml / l or tridemorph @ 0.5 ml / l or
carbendazim @ 1 g / l or wettable sulphur @ 2 g / l or triademephon @ 0. 5g/l
immediately after noticing the disease and repeat after 15 days if necessary

Application of carbofuran 3G 1 kg a.i /ha or neem cake @400 kg/ha at sowing in furrows along with fertilizers
12 – 15 t / ha

Crop Growing districts:             Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore, Dindigul
Major markets in Tamil Nadu: Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram Natchipalayam vegetable                                                               market, Coimbatore
Grade Specification:                    Light green or dark green, hairy or tender smooth surface, 5-ridged and remain tender for a longer period,                                                                 medium length.

 Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride (4g/kg) and Pseudomonas (10 g/ kg)
 Soil application of Pseudomonas and Trichoderma (each 2.5kg/ha)
 Soil application with neem cake @250 kg/ha
 Maize as border crop against movement of whiteflies/ Liriomyza
 Use of yellow sticky traps
 Periodical removal of yellow vein mosaic virus infected plants
 Helicoverpa and Earias adult monitoring with pheromone traps
 Trichogramma release after each brood emergence of Helicoverpa and Earias
 Application of neem oil formulations 10000ppm @1% / neem seed kernel extract (5%)

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