Chilli(Capsicum annuum L.); Solanaceae

K 1, K 2, CO 1,CO 2,CO 3, CO 4 (vegetable type), PKM 1, PMK 1 (for semi-dry conditions in Southern Districts), PLR1 (for coastal regions of North – East Tamil Nadu) and KKM (Ch) 1.
TNAU Chilli Hybrid CO 1
Well drained loamy soil rich in organic matter with pH range 6.5-7.5

January – February, June – July and September – October

Varieties : 1.0 kg / ha.
Hybrids : 200 – 250 g / ha.
Nursery area : 100 sq.m / ha.

Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g / kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/ kg and sow in lines spaced at 10 cm in raised nursery beds and cover with sand. Watering with rose can has to be done daily. Drench the nursery with Copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l of water at 15 days interval against damping off disease. Apply Carbofuran 3 G at 10 g/sq.m. at the time of sowing.

 Prepare the nursery area of 3 cents with slanting slope of 2 % for the seedling
production to cover 1 ha.
 Cover the nursery area with 50 % shade net and cover the sides using 40 / 50 mesh
insect proof nylon net.
 Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length and place HDPV pipes at 2m
interval for further protection with polythene sheets during rainy months.
 Mix sterilized cocopeat @ 300 kg with 5 kg neem cake along with Azospirillum and
phosphobacteria each @ 1 kg. Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling
one protay. 300 protrays (98 cells) are required for the production of 29,000
seedlings, which are required for one hectare adopting a spacing of 90 x 60 x 45 cm
in a paired row system.
 Sow the treated seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
 Cover the seeds with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover
with a polythene sheet till germination starts.
 After 6 days, place the protrays with germinated seedlings individually on the raised
beds inside the shade net.
 Water with rose-can every day upto seed germination. Drench with 19:19:19 @ 0.5%
(5g/l) at 18 days after sowing.

Thoroughly prepare the field with the addition of FYM @ 25 t/ ha and form ridges and furrows at a spacing of 60 cm. Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg / ha of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 20 kg of FYM. Irrigate the furrows and transplant 40-45 days old seedlings, with the ball of earth on the ridges.

Varieties : 60 x 45 cm
Hybrids : 75 x 60 cm

Apply Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha as pre-emergence herbicide followed by hand weeding once 30 days after planting.
Irrigate at weekly intervals.

 Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal before last ploughing.
 Apply 2 kg / ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 20 kg of
FYM.
 Apply 75 % total recommended dose of superphosphate i.e. 375 kg / ha as basal.
 Install the drip irrigation with main and sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at an
interval of 1.5 m.
 Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4
LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
 Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and place the laterals at the
centre of each bed.
 Before planting wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
 Planting to be done at a spacing of 90 x 60 x 45 cm in the paired row system, using
ropes marked at 60 cm spacing.
 Spray Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i / ha as pre-emergence
herbicide at 3rd day after planting.
 Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

Varieties
Basal dose :                         FYM 25 t/ha, NPK 30:60:30 kg/ ha.
                                                Potassium as K2SO4 for quality improvement. Application of potassium in the form of potassium sulphate will                                                        increase quality of chilli.
Top dressing :                     30 kg N/ha in equal splits on 30, 60 and 90 days after planting.

Chilli F1 hybrid
Recommended Dose: 120:80:80 kg / ha
Crop stage Duration
in days
Fertilize
r grade
Total
Fertilize
r kg/ha)
Nutrient supplied % requirement
N P K N P K
Transplanti
ng to plant
establishme
nt
10 19:19:19
MN
13:0:45
Urea
21.05
8.88
14.86
4.00
1.15
6.83
4.00


4.00
3.98

10.0 5.00 10.00
Subtotal 11.9 4.00 7.98

75
Flower
initiation to
flowering
30 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
13.11
71.04
80.72
1.57
9.24
37.1
8.00



31.97

30.00 10.0 20.00
Subtotal 47.9 8.00 31.9
Fruit set to
first picking
30 19:19:1
9
13.0:45
Urea
21.05
44.40
56.91
4.00
5.77
26.1
4.00


4.00
19.9
30.00 5.00 20.00
Subtotal 35.9 4.00 23.9
Alternate
day from
picking
80 12:61:0
13:0:45
Urea
6.52
35.52
40.38
0.75
4.62
18.5
3.81



15.98

30.00 5.00 50.00
Subtotal 23.9 3.81 15.98
119.
81
(or)
120.0
19.8
1
(or)
20.0
79.91
(or)
80.00
100.0 25.0 100.0
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 375 kg / ha
1. 19:19:19 = 42 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 160 kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 20 kg/ha
4. Urea = 193 kg/ha

Apply 250g of Endoroot Soluble in two split doses at 15 DAT and 45 DAT along with 100 % N and K and 50% P for higher yield and saving of Phosphorus. Apply 250g of Mycorrhiza in two splits at transplanting and 30 DAT along with 100% N and K and 50% P for higher yield and saving of Phosphorus.
Spray Triacontanol @ 1.25 ml/l on 20, 40, 60 and 80th day of planting. Spray NAA 10 ppm (10 mg/l of water) on 60 and 90 days after planting to increase fruit set.

 Foliar spray of Zn SO4 @ 0.5 per cent thrice at 10 days interval from 40 days after planting.
 Spray 19:19:19 + Mn @ 1 % at 60 days after planting.

Spray Fluchloralin @ 1 lit a.i/ha or Pendimethalin @ 1 kg a.i/ ha. or Oxyflourfen @ 0.15 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence herbicide and may be combined with hand weeding once and earthing up 45 days after planting. Raise intercrop of onion in paired row system to get additional income.

Fruit borer                                                                        Integrated pest management of fruit borer
                                                                                                 Set up pheromone traps for Helicoverpa armigera / Spodoptera litura @ 12 no. / ha.
                                                                                                 Collect and destroy damaged fruits and grown up caterpillars.
                                                                                                 Spray Bacillus thuringiensis @ 2 g / lit.
                                                                                                 Spray any one of the following insecticides.

Insecticide                                                                           Dose
Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC                                              3.0ml/10 lit.
Cyantraniliprole 10.26 OD                                               1.8ml/lit.
Emamectin benzoate 5SG                                               4g/10 lit.
Fipronil 5 SC                                                                      2.0 ml /lit.
Flubendiamide 20 WDG                                                  6.0 g /10 lit.
Flubendiamide 39.35SC                                                  2.5ml/10lit.
Indoxacarb 14.5 SC                                                           6.5 ml /10 lit.
Lufenuron 5.4 EC                                                               1.2ml/lit.
Novaluron 10 EC                                                                 7.5 ml /10 lit.
Spinetoram 11.7 SC                                                             1.0ml/lit.
Spinosad 45 SC                                                                  3.2 ml /10 lit.
Thiodicarb 75 WP                                                               2.0 g /lit.


Thrips                                                                               Grow Agathi as intercrop.
                                                                                               Treat seeds with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 12g /kg of seed or Thiamethaxm 30FS
                                                                                               Apply or spray any one of the following insecticides.


Insecticide                                                                              Dose
Carbofuran 3CG                                                                   33 kg /ha
Imidacloprid 17.8 SL                                                            3.0 ml/10 lit.
Dimethoate 30 EC                                                               1.0 ml /lit.
Emamectin benzoate 5 % SG                                             4 g /10 lit.
Ethion 50 % EC                                                                   2.0 ml /lit.
Fipronil 5 % SC                                                                    1.5 ml /lit.
Methyl demeton 25 % EC                                                  1.0 ml /lit.
Spinosad 45 % SC                                                              3.2 ml /10 lit.
Spinetoram 11.7 SC                                                              1.0ml/lit.
Thiacloprid 21.7 SC                                                             6.0 ml /10 lit.
Acetamiprid 20 SP                                                              1.0g/10lit.


Aphids                                                                                Treat seeds with imidacloprid 70% WS @12 g /kg of seed.
                                                                                                 Spray any one of the following insecticides.


Insecticide                                                                                Dose
Carbofuran 3CG                                                                    33 kg /ha
Fipronil 5 SC                                                                          1.0 ml /lit.
Imidacloprid 17.8 SL                                                             3.5 ml /10 lit.
Methyl demeton 25 EC                                                        1.6 ml /lit.
Quinalphos 25 EC                                                                 1.0 ml /lit.
Quinalphos 1.5 DP                                                                 20kg/ha


Yellow Muranai mite                                                    Spray any one of the following insecticide:


Insecticide                                                                                 Dose
Buprofezin 25 SC                                                                 8.0 ml /10 lit.
Diafenthiuron 50 WP                                                          1.0g/lit.
Emamectin benzoate 5 SG                                                4 g /10 lit.
Ethion 50 EC                                                                        2.0 ml /lit.
Fenazaquin 10 EC                                                                2.0 ml /lit.
Fenpyroximate 5 EC                                                           1.0 ml /lit.
Hexythiazox 5.45 EC                                                          1.0 ml /lit.
Milbemectin 1 EC                                                                6.5 ml /10 lit.
Methyl demeton 25 EC                                                      2.0 ml /lit.
Propargite 57 EC                                                                 2.5 ml /lit.
Quinalphos 25 EC                                                               1.5 ml /lit.
Spiromesifen 22.9 SC                                                        5.0 ml /10 lit.
Chlorfenapyr 10SC                                                              2.0ml/lit.

Damping off
 Treat the seeds with Trichoderma asperellum @ 4 g / kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g /kg of seeds 24 hours before sowing
 Apply P. fluorescens to soil @ 2.5 kg/ha with 50 kg of FYM
 Avoid stagnation of water
 Drench with copper oxychloride at 2.5 g/l @ 4 l/sq.m
Leaf spot
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l
Powdery mildew
 Spray wettable sulphur @ 3 g/l or carbendazim @ 1 g/l three sprays at 15 days interval from the first appearance of symptoms
CIB recommendation
 Spray myclobutanil 10% WP @ 0.04% or azoxystrobin 18.2% w/w + difenoconazole 11.4% w/w SC @ 1ml/l three times at 15 days interval from the first appearance of symptoms
Anthracnose
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l
Die-back and fruit rot
 Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l or copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l thrice at 15 days interval starting from noticing the die-back symptoms

Spray difenoconazole 25% EC @ 0.05% or azoxystrobin 18.2% w/w + difenoconazole 11.4% w/w SC @ 0.1% or metiram 55% + pyraclostrobin 5% WG @ 0.3% thrice at 15 days interval starting from noticing the die-back symptoms

Raise two rows of maize or sorghum for every five rows of chilli crop against wind direction
Spray recommendations given for controlling the vector

Root knot nematode: Apply TNAU formulation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus mosseae containing 1spore/g @10g/m2 to control root knot nematode in nursery.

Varieties : 2 – 3 t/ha of dry pods or 10 – 15 t/ha of green chillies.

Hybrids : 25 t / ha of green chillies.

Crop Growing districts                       Ramanathapuram (gundu), Thoothukudi (samba), Sivagangai (samba), Virudhunagar (samba), Tirunelveli                                                                     (samba)
Major markets in Tamil Nadu           Virudhunagar, Chennai, Ramanathapuram, Paramakudi, Thoothukudi
Grade Specification                           i. Dry Chilli
                                                                 Well dried -12 % moisture                         

                                                                 Big size

                                                                 Bright red colour without white chillies

                                                                 Uniform size

                                                                 Length – 1.5-2 inches
                                                               ii. Green Chilli

                                                                   Pungency

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