Apple(Malus domestica Borkh); Rosaceae

Warm winter resistant varieties with low chilling requirements alone are suitable to the
hills of Tamil Nadu.

Irish Peach and Zouches Pipin.Yield: April – May

Carrington and Winterstein.Yield: June – July

Rome Beauty, Parlin‘s Beauty and KKL 1.Yield: August – September.

Red lateritic soils with good drainage and high organic matter are more suitable. The soil
pH should be around 5.8 to 6.2.Liming is essential to correct the pH of acidic soil. A minimum
depth of 1.6metre is desirable and can be grown from 1200 to 2000 m MSL.

One year old grafts on M.778 and M.779 rootstocks during June – July.

June to December.

4 x 4 m in pits of 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm.

Water the plants till establishment

Apply FYM 25 kg. N 500 g and 1 kg in each of P and K per bearing tree.

The tree is trained to open center system.Prune the tree every year during the month of December – January.

Pests
Wooly aphids  Use resistant rootstocks M 778, M 799, MM 104, MM 110,
MM 112, MM 113, MM 114 and MM115.
 Conserve parasitoid, Aphelinus mali and the coccinellid
predators
 Apply carbofuran 3G @ 166 g/tree or spray any one of the
following insecticides
 Malathion 50EC 1.0 ml/l.

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 Methyl demeton 25EC 1.0 ml/l.
 Quinalphos 25EC 3.0 ml/l.
 Dimethoate 30EC 1.0 ml/l.
Stem borer  Spray dimethoate 30EC 1.0 ml/l.
European Red Mite/ two
spotted mite
 Fenazaquin 10 EC 0.4ml/l.
 Propargite 57 EC 2.0-3.0 ml/l.
 Spiromesifen 22.9 SC 0.3 ml/l.
 Hexythiazox 5.45EC 4ml/10 l.
San jose scale  Malathion 50 EC 1.5ml/l.
 Methyl demeton 25 EC 3.0ml/l.
Thrips  Thiacloprid 21.7 SC 5.0-6.0 ml/10 l.

Scab
The spray schedule for apple scab is as follows
 Silver tip to green tip : Spray captafol or mancozeb @ 2 g/l
 Pink bud or after 15 days : Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l
 Petal fall : Spray carbendazim @ 0.5 g/l
 10 days after petal fall : Spray mancozeb @ 2 g/l
 14 days after fruit set : Spray captafol @ 2 g/l
Add stickers like triton AE or teepol at 10 ml/10 l of spray fluid
Use low volume sprayers
CIB recommendation
 Spray captan 50% WP 2.5 kg/ha or captan 75% WP @ 1667 g/ha or carbendazim
50%WP @ 2.5 g/l or difenoconazole 25% EC @ 15 ml/100 l or dodine 65% WP @ 7.5
g in 10 l/tree or fenarimol 12% EC @ 40 ml/100l (10 l/tree) or mancozeb 75% WP @
30 g/tree or penconazole 10% EC @ 5ml/10 l/tree or propineb 70% WP @ 2 g/l or
sulphur 80% WG @ 1.8 -2.5 kg/ha or thiophanate methyl 70%WP @715 g/ha or zineb
75% WP @ 1.5-2 kg/ha or ziram 80% WP @ 1.5-2 kg/ha
CIB recommendation for Powdery mildew
 Spray lime sulphur 22% SC @ 2-5 l/ha or sulphur 80% WP @ 2.5 kg/ha
CIB recommendation for fire blight
 Spray streptomycin sulphate 90% + tetracycline hydrochloride 10% SP or
streptocycline @ 25 to 50 ppm at 20-30% bloom. It is advisable to spray trees every 3
to 4 days during blossom time.
Premature leaf fall and powdery mildew
 Spray tebuconazole 50% + trifloxystrobin 25% WG @ 4 g/10 l
Add stickers like Triton AE or Teepol at 10 ml / 10 lit of spray fluid. Use low volume
sprayers.
Lichens
Spray quick lime 1 kg / 20 lit of water after pruning to control lichens growth

10 – 20 kg / tree / year. The tree starts bearing from 4th year of planting.

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